How To Layer: The Basics

Working and Playing in extreme cold can be tough but staying warm shouldn’t be. The short answer to staying warm in extreme temperatures is by layering. Layering wearing layers of clothing to create pockets of warm air to insulate body temperature from the external temperature. You’ll lose a lot of heat if you don’t insulate, and trapping it in is the difference between staying alive or freezing.

There are a couple of different ways to layer, but the easiest thing to remember is to cover all exposed skin and start with a base layer, insulation, and a protective outer shell.

The inner layer is what you wear closest to your skin to preserve body heat and trap it close to you. Synthetic fibers are recommended because they wick moisture away from the skin and dry fast. The second layer builds insulation between your inner layer and outer layer. Thicker insulation is recommended for less activity and less insulation for higher activity.

The outer layer acts as a barrier to protect the wearer from the outside elements. The waterproof material is best in the snow or rain. High collars and hoods are recommended for extreme winds. This layer should shield the inside from the outside and keep heat in. You lose most of your heat through your head, hands, and feet. Make sure to add an extra layer of socks or glove liners under your boots or gloves.

A thermal hat can make all the difference in keeping the heat in. Neck gaiters and face masks help to keep the heat around the face.

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How To Layer: The Basics

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