Key Components of a Kitchen

We have created an infographic that outlines the key components of your new kitchen to help guide you through the planning for your new kitchen. We will guide you through the names and uses of cabinets, and all the added extras you will need to make a great looking kitchen.

We cover the name of all the normal kitchen cabinets, as well as the accessories, like plinths, light pelmets and cornice. Finally we cover the added extras, like end panels, sinks, taps and lighting. This should leave you with a complete understanding of the names and purposes of the main elements of a kitchen.

Wall Units

Fitted to the wall securely. Three heights typically used. The top should line up the top of the larder units. Three sizes are: 575mm, 720mm, 900mm.

Base Units

Stand on plastic legs on the floor.
Normally 720mm high.
Lots of combinations of doors and drawers available.
Larder Units
Normally available in two heights. Standard larder units are 2120cm high including legs. Tall are 2300mm high. Same depth as base units (570mm deep).

End Panels

Clad-on panels fitted to the sides of any exposed cabinets. They match the doors, meaning you can have any colour interior/cabinet you like.


Fitted to the legs on base units and larder units. Stop rubbish gathering underneath the kitchen units.

Pelmet and Plinth

Can be fitted to the top and bottom of wall units. Many modern kitchens don’t fit them.
Did you know, pelmet were called ‘Light pelmets’ as they were used to hide under cabinet lights, but are often not needed as modern under-cabinet LED lights are so thin.


Lots of different materials, including laminate worktops, solid wood worktops, natural materials, such as marble, or hybrid materials, like Corian.

Splash Backs

Can be made of a lot of things, but often either matching splashbacks, such as granite, are used or more usually tiles. They are used to stop splashes from cooking etc. from splashing up the walls.


Typically either integrated, where the appliance is fixed into a kitchen unit, or free standing, where the appliance is not hidden behind a door or fixed within a unit.


Many types of sink now available, but either stainless steel, Corian, or matching granite are the most popular. Belfast sinks are still mostly made of ceramic.


Typically made of metal, often stainless steel, although other materials, such as copper and brass, are also popular.


A great way to break up your kitchen space. Lots of options available, including downlight in the ceiling, under-cabinet lights below kitchen wall units, centrepiece lights, such as chandeliers, or sets of lights, like three light pendants above breakfast islands.


Key components of a Kitchen

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