Gemstones are scattered across various countries around the world, with certain regions boasting a more significant abundance of these valuable stones. The question of where these gemstones and diamonds primarily originate becomes a fascinating inquiry. The team at BriteCo took on the task of creating a global map that highlights the leading producers for over 30 distinct types of gemstones, delving into this pursuit.
The inception of this map traces back to data extracted from the United States Geological Survey (USGS) Mineral Yearbook of 2020. This comprehensive resource meticulously tracks the annual production levels of diverse gem varieties, diamonds, and minerals from countries across the globe. Analyzing the records spanning from 2016 to 2020, the team meticulously examined the production figures, measured in kilograms, for each specific type of gemstone. These data points ultimately revealed the primary producers for each gemstone category.
A notable aspect of the map is its acknowledgment of secondary countries. While not the primary producers, these nations still make significant contributions to the global supply of gemstones. As you explore the map along with its accompanying gemstone chart, you’ll unveil the key contributors behind 35 of the most splendid and highly sought-after gemstones in the market.
According to the data furnished by the USGS, Zambia takes the lead in emerald production. During the five-year period from 2016 to 2020, the country managed to yield an astonishing 129,400 kilograms of emerald gemstones. The appeal of Zambian emeralds lies in their exceptional clarity, intense color, and inherent durability, setting them apart from their counterparts in other countries.
One captivating aspect of Zambia’s role in the emerald trade is its production of notably substantial stones, some of which tip the scales at over a kilogram each. Within Zambia, the Kagem Mine emerges as a singular mining operation, standing as the primary source of emeralds worldwide and accounting for an impressive 25% of the global emerald supply.