Different sources use the term “resume format” to refer to various/different topics, it can sometimes be confusing. A resume format, in its most basic sense, refers to the kind of arrangement your resume has based on the presentation of its sections, the way the employment history section is written, and the sections that are given the most attention.
For instance, one resume format can place more attention on the skills section, while another might place more emphasis on your employment experience.
Commonly used resume formats
There are 3 commonly used resume formats: chronological, functional, and a combination. When applying for a job you want to make sure you pick the format that is right for you. Think about your professional background and the position you’re applying for when selecting the perfect format. For instance, if you have little work experience, a functional resume is a good pick, since it places less emphasis on job history and highlights your academic accomplishments, volunteer work, or apprenticeships.
Here’s more about the main 3 resume formats:
Chronological resumes are the most typical format. Your employment history is listed in reverse chronological order, starting with the most recent employment. You should also include your education and credentials, as well as a summary or objective.
Functional resumes put an emphasis on skills. Instead of being structured by a chronological job history, they are organized by various types of skills or experiences. Functional resumes are beneficial for job seekers with gaps in their employment history or whose work experience is unrelated to the position.
Combination resumes combine the functional and chronological resume formats. They include a record of a person’s employment history in chronological order, but they also include a section on several skill sets. Employers can see both your experience and your skills in this format. It’s a wise decision if you’re switching careers or have a history of inconsistent but steady employment.