What is rosacea?
Rosacea is a chronic skin condition that causes redness and inflammation on the face. The cause of rosacea is unknown, but it is thought to be related to genetics, sun exposure, and the environment. Rosacea can affect any part of the face, but it typically occurs on the cheeks, nose, and forehead. Symptoms of rosacea include facial redness, flushing, bumps and pimples, and watery eyes. There is no cure for rosacea, but treatments are available to help control symptoms. Rosacea affects approximately 10% of the population and is more common in women than men.
What are the 4 types of rosacea?
1) Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea: This type is characterized by redness, flushing, and widened blood vessels.
2) Papulopustular rosacea: This type is characterized by bumps and pimples.
3) Phymatous rosacea: This type is characterized by an enlargement of the nose, often called a “bump.”
4) Ocular rosacea: This type affects the eyes and can cause dry eyes, itching, burning, stinging, and blurry vision.
What are the possible causes of rosacea?
It is not known what causes rosacea, but there are several possible factors that may contribute to it. Some of the possible causes of rosacea include:
- Genetics – Some people may be more prone to developing rosacea because of their genes.
- Sun exposure – Too much sun exposure can damage the skin and may trigger rosacea in some people.
- Hormones – Changes in hormone levels can trigger rosacea in some people. This may be especially true for women who experience hormonal changes during menopause.
- Environmental factors – Exposure to certain chemicals or pollutants may trigger rosacea in some people.
- Stress – Stress can aggravate rosacea symptoms in some people.
What are the 5 symptoms of rosacea?
- redness on the face
- acne-like breakouts
- flaky skin
- swollen eyes
- irritation and itching.
Environmental and lifestyle factors that may trigger rosacea
There is no one definitive cause of rosacea. Rather, it is thought to be caused by a combination of environmental and lifestyle triggers, as well as genetic factors. Some of the most common triggers include sun exposure, hot water, stress, spicy foods, alcohol consumption, and hot weather. For some people, even hormonal changes or cosmetics can trigger rosacea flare-ups.
What is the latest treatment for rosacea?
The most commonly prescribed treatments for rosacea involve skin creams and in general these unguents are all it takes to control a breakout. However, in more trenchant cases, other treatments such as intensive light therapy or even surgery may be used.
Original infographic via aad.org in 2013, content updated in March 2022.